Corporate insolvency resolution in India: Lessons from a cross-country comparison

Rajeswari Sengupta, Anjali Sharma

In this paper we analyse the corporate insolvency resolution procedures of India, UK and Singapore within a common framework of well-specified principles. India at present lacks a single, comprehensive law that addresses all aspects of insolvency of an enterprise. The presence of multiple laws and adjudication fora has created opportunities for debtor firms to exploit the arbitrage between the systems to frustrate recovery efforts of creditors. This also adversely impacts timeliness of the resolution process. While the importance of a well-functioning insolvency resolution framework can hardly be overstated, there is no single framework with well-defined rules laid out for organizing an efficient insolvency resolution process. Hence we undertake a cross-country comparison, the underlying motivation being to highlight the similarities as well as differences across the laws and procedures of the three countries. The objective is to learn important lessons for India, in context of the formation of the Bankruptcy Law Reforms Committee (BLRC) in 2014. The Committee has recently recommended an Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code that would be applicable to all non-financial corporations in India.

Citation: Corporate insolvency resolution in India: Lessons from a cross-country comparison, Rajeswari Sengupta and Anjali Sharma, Economic & Political Weekly, Volume 51, Issue No. 15, 09 April 2016.