Features and trends in the Non-deliverable Forwards (NDF) market for the Indian Rupee




Written by the Finance Research Group (FRG) at IGIDR and commissioned by the City of London, this report highlights the significance of the rupee-denominated NDF markets. It utilises multiple sources to demonstrate that international interest in the Indian rupee has translated into sizeable offshore pools of rupee trading. Acknowledging the size and impact of the rupee NDF market has important policy implications for the financial sector reform process as well as for the competitiveness of the Indian financial sector.



The report                                                                                                            FRG-IGIDR
March 2016

Loss of revenue due to loss of market share = Rs.620.9 billion/year (USD 9.2 billion)

Estimates show that in 2016, around 28% of the USD 66 bn daily trading in the INR was taking place in offshore markets. At a 10 basis points commission, taking both sides of the trade into account, this implies that offshore markets earn a fee income of Rs.620.9 billion (USD 9.2 billion) per annum on this trading. This is revenue that the Indian markets would earn if they could attract this trading volume onshore.


Market for INR Trading
(average daily volume in USD billion)
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USD-INR NDF Volume
(average daily volume in USD billion)
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BIS: Bank for International Settlements, Triennial Central Bank Survey
FXJSC: The London Foreign Exchange Joint Standing Committee, Semi-annual Survey
DTCC: Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation, NDF trading data from Thomson Reuters Eikon
SEF-FIA: Swaps Execution Facility platforms data from Futures Industry Association